Constant high pitched sound in both ears is a medical condition known as tinnitus. It is characterized by a ringing, buzzing, or hissing sound that does not come from an external source. Tinnitus can range in severity from a mild annoyance to a debilitating condition that affects a person’s ability to concentrate, sleep, and function normally. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options available for tinnitus.
Anatomy of the Ear
To understand tinnitus, it is important to have a basic understanding of the anatomy of the ear. The ear is divided into three parts: the outer ear, middle ear, and inner ear. The outer ear consists of the visible part of the ear, the ear canal, and the eardrum. The middle ear is located behind the eardrum and contains three tiny bones called the ossicles. The inner ear is where the sensory hair cells are located, which are responsible for transmitting sound signals to the brain.
Causes of Tinnitus
Tinnitus can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- Exposure to loud noise
- Hearing loss due to aging
- Ear infections
- Earwax buildup
- Trauma to the head or neck
- Side effects of medication
- High blood pressure
- Anxiety and stress
Symptoms of Tinnitus
The main symptom of tinnitus is a constant high pitched sound in both ears. This sound can vary in intensity and frequency, and may be accompanied by other symptoms such as:
- Difficulty concentrating
- Sensitivity to sound
- Difficulty sleeping
If you are experiencing constant high pitched sound in both ears, it is important to see a doctor for a proper diagnosis. Your doctor will perform a physical exam and may order tests such as a hearing test or an MRI to determine the cause of your tinnitus.
There is no cure for tinnitus, but there are several treatment options available to manage the symptoms:
- Hearing aids
- Tinnitus retraining therapy
- Cognitive behavioral therapy
- Sound therapy
- Lifestyle changes
If your tinnitus is caused by hearing loss, a hearing aid may be able to help reduce the symptoms. Hearing aids amplify external sounds, which can help mask the internal sounds of tinnitus.
Tinnitus Retraining Therapy
Tinnitus retraining therapy is a type of therapy that uses sound therapy and counseling to help you retrain your brain to ignore the sounds of tinnitus. This therapy can take several months to complete, but it has been shown to be effective in reducing the symptoms of tinnitus.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy is a type of therapy that focuses on changing negative thought patterns and behaviors. This therapy can help you learn how to manage the stress and anxiety that can be caused by tinnitus.
Sound therapy involves using external sounds to help mask the internal sounds of tinnitus. This can include white noise machines, nature sounds, or music. Sound therapy can also help reduce stress and anxiety, which can worsen the symptoms of tinnitus.
There are several medications that can be used to treat the symptoms of tinnitus, including antidepressants, antianxiety medications, and antihistamines. However, these medications can have side effects and should only be used under the guidance of a doctor.
There are several lifestyle changes that can help reduce the symptoms of tinnitus, including:
- Avoiding exposure to loud noise
- Reducing your caffeine and alcohol intake
- Quitting smoking
- Getting regular exercise
- Maintaining a healthy diet
Constant high pitched sound in both ears can be a frustrating and debilitating condition, but there are several treatment options available to manage the symptoms. If you are experiencing tinnitus, it is important to see a doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.