Which Structure Of The External Ear Collects Sound Waves

Hearing is one of the most important senses that human beings possess. It enables us to communicate, learn, and interact with the environment around us. The process of hearing involves the collection, transmission, and interpretation of sound waves. The ear is the organ responsible for hearing, and it is divided into three parts: the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. In this article, we will focus on the outer ear and the structure that collects sound waves.

The Outer Ear

outer ear

The outer ear is the visible part of the ear that is located on the side of the head. It consists of two main parts: the pinna and the ear canal. The pinna is the fleshy, cartilaginous part of the ear that protrudes from the head. Its function is to collect sound waves and direct them into the ear canal.

The Ear Canal

ear canal

The ear canal is a narrow, tube-like structure that extends from the pinna to the eardrum. Its function is to transmit sound waves from the pinna to the eardrum. The ear canal is lined with hair and glands that produce earwax, which helps to trap dust and other particles that might enter the ear.

The Eardrum


The eardrum, also known as the tympanic membrane, is a thin, circular membrane that separates the outer ear from the middle ear. Its function is to vibrate in response to sound waves that enter the ear canal. The eardrum is incredibly sensitive and can detect even the slightest changes in air pressure caused by sound waves.

The Role of the Pinna


The pinna is an important structure of the outer ear that plays a crucial role in collecting sound waves. Its unique shape and position on the head allow it to capture sound waves from a wide range of angles. The pinna also helps to amplify sound waves and filter out unwanted background noise, making it easier to hear important sounds.

The Importance of Earwax


Earwax is a natural substance that is produced by the glands in the ear canal. Its function is to protect the ear from dust, dirt, and other particles that might enter the ear. Earwax also helps to lubricate the ear canal and prevent it from becoming dry and irritated. However, it is important not to clean the ear canal too aggressively, as this can cause damage to the eardrum and lead to hearing loss.

The Dangers of Loud Noise

loud noise

Loud noise can be incredibly damaging to the ears and can cause permanent hearing loss. Exposure to loud noise can damage the delicate hair cells in the inner ear, which are responsible for transmitting sound signals to the brain. It is important to protect your ears from loud noise by wearing earplugs or other forms of hearing protection.


The external ear plays a crucial role in the process of hearing. The pinna and ear canal work together to collect and transmit sound waves to the eardrum, while earwax helps to protect and lubricate the ear canal. By understanding the structure of the external ear and the importance of protecting our ears from loud noise, we can take steps to ensure that we maintain our hearing health for years to come.

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